The answer is: the biggest single thing slowing down 850 is the orbital rendering of the planet! It turns out that the planet is pretty expensive to draw, and even more so in 8.50. Why is the planet more expensive and why are we drawing it? It turns out that we needed to for the new water reflection textures.
In X-Plane 8.40 you can only see the ground about 25 miles away. This is because we don't have enough scenery loaded to draw any farther out - and if we did it'd be a real drag on framerate. But the sunset goes out to the horizon, which can be a lot more than 25 miles away, even at low altitudes. To address this, we decided to (1) make sure the whole-planet view had the new water as well and (2) draw that planet behind the main scenery to extend the sunsets out to the horizon.
So...X-Plane 850 is drawing the planet all the time (and drawing it with sun-textured water) and that's dragging down the framerate. For the next beta we'll make the planet code smarter so it draws as little planet as possible. This should get back almost all of the framerate 840 had, depending on weather and altitude.
The new water does cost a few fps - the framerate hit is very minor - but you may be able to get some more speed back by turning off "reflections and shadows" in the rendering settings. This
will make the water look like 840 and should bring back a few fps. Like 840, turning off the high-res planet textures rendering setting will also improve framerate a little bit.
So hopefully framerate should be pretty close to full speed in the next beta. There may be other parts of the sim that are slower, but the planet was the big one. But of course be aware of things in the sim now that weren't in the sim before:
- Cars on the roads.
- Flocks of birds.
- Reflective water.